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What is the difference between DX and IoT? Case studies and explanations of the differences between AI and ICT

Many readers may be thinking, “I want to know the difference between DX and IoT…”?

If you can understand the difference between DX and IoT,

  • Communicate with stakeholders (customers, employees, shareholders, etc.)
  • Knowledge can be provided during internal DX human resource development

There are advantages such as

Therefore, this time, while explaining the difference between DX and IoT in a way that even beginners can easily understand, we will also explain the functions of IoT and examples of DX using IoT.

Table of Contents

  • Difference between DX and IoT
    • Difference between DX and ICT
  • Four functions of IoT and advantages of introduction
    • 1. Manipulate things
    • 2. Knowing the state of things and people
    • 3. Detect object movement
    • 4. Things communicate with each other
  • 3 examples of DX using IoT
    • Logistics industry case
    • Examples from the transportation industry
    • Agricultural case
  • summary

Difference between DX and IoT

First of all, for those who don’t know the difference between DX and IoT, I will briefly introduce the meaning of “DX” and ” IoT ” in an easy-to-understand manner.

  • DX : An abbreviation for Digital Transformation, which means “using technology to transform business processes, products and services, and business and management.”
  • IoT : An abbreviation for Internet of Things, which means “connecting things to the Internet for more convenient use.” (Examples: Air conditioners that can be controlled with a smartphone, cleaning robots that connect to Alexa, etc.)

By comparing the meanings of the two in this way, you should be able to understand the difference between DX and IoT.

However, IoT and DX are not completely unrelated. This is because the introduction of IoT will lead to new services and improvements to existing services.

In other words, it can be said that IoT is “one means of realizing DX” .

Difference between DX and ICT

A word similar to IoT is ICT. This time, I will briefly introduce the difference between DX and ICT as a supplement.

The difference between DX and ICT is the “purpose of use” of digital technology .

  • DX: Using technology to transform business processes, products/services, and management
  • ICT: “Information transmission technology” that adds communication to IT

ICT is used in learning systems (educational settings) using personal computers and tablets, and elderly monitoring systems that can remotely ascertain the situation of elderly people living alone.

In this way, DX and ICT are the same in that they utilize digital technology, but the situations in which they are used are different.

Four functions of IoT and advantages of introduction

From here, we will introduce the functions of IoT. The four main functions of IoT are:

  1. manipulate things
  2. Knowing the state of things and people
  3. Detect object movement
  4. communicate between things

We will discuss the advantages of using each.

1. Manipulate things

A typical function of IoT is the ability to remotely control things in remote locations .

For example, you can operate home appliances such as air conditioners and lighting, or open and close doors and shutters at home from your smartphone or other device.

And the point of this function is that you can adjust not only simple actions such as turning the power on and off, but also detailed settings such as the temperature and air volume of the air conditioner .

As mentioned in the example, there are many cases where the function of “manipulating things” is used for the purpose of making life more convenient.

2. Knowing the state of things and people

The ability to know the state of things and people in remote locations is also one of the essential elements when talking about IoT .

For example, by wearing a wearable IoT device, a person’s health condition (heart rate, breathing, blood pressure, sleep time, posture, etc.) can be stored as data and observed.

With this function, you can quickly notice any abnormalities in your physical condition and quickly consult a doctor.

And the point of this function is to be able to grasp the state of things and people and “get noticed” .

In addition, since it is possible to obtain user information such as usage frequency and usage time, it will lead to product improvement and development .

3. Detect object movement

IoT also has a function that can grasp the current situation from the movement of things and people .

For example, passengers can grasp the operation status and congestion status of trains and buses in real time, and heavy machinery and construction equipment can detect people at construction sites and automatically stop.

In other words, with this function, you can guess the current situation and act quickly without missing important changes in the movement of things and people .

4. Things communicate with each other

This is a function that allows data to be sent and received between remote objects via a network .

For example, by linking with an AI speaker, it is possible to put hot water in the bath or turn on the air conditioner or lighting with verbal instructions. (smart home)

Efforts are also underway to automatically reduce the speed by receiving data from the traffic light by the car.

3 examples of DX using IoT

From here, we will introduce three DX examples in the industry that utilize IoT. This time, we will introduce the following three.

  1. Logistics industry case
  2. Examples from the transportation industry
  3. Agricultural case

We will discuss each of these with specific use cases.

Logistics industry case

Examples of IoT utilization in the logistics industry can be classified into two processes: warehouse work processes from receiving to shipping and delivery work processes .

First, a typical IoT utilization example for warehouse work is the introduction of a system that applies robotics to sorting, stocking/inventory, and picking work.

For example, Amazon’s warehouse has a system that automatically moves shelves to the position of the worker in charge according to orders from the Internet, so humans do not need to walk around the large warehouse. (1. Utilizing IoT functions for manipulating things)

This system supports Amazon’s strength of quickly delivering products to customers’ hands in order to efficiently handle large orders.

Next, by utilizing IoT in the TMS (transportation and delivery management system) for delivery operations, it is useful for visualization of the delivery site, such as the optimal placement of personnel and the efficiency of vehicle allocation routes. (2. Utilizing IoT functions to know the state of things and people)

Specific use cases|Optimind Co., Ltd.

Through PCs and smartphones, the optimal route is automatically proposed, taking into consideration information such as delivery start and end times, vehicle load capacity, and package volume.

Therefore, you can expect to shorten not only the delivery route creation time but also the delivery time.

Examples from the transportation industry

In recent years, IoT has been actively used in the transportation industry.

For example, by reading the QR code at the bus stop, you can grasp the operation status of the bus in real time (using the function to detect the movement of things), and you can easily call a taxi to your location using a taxi dispatch application. (2. Use the function to know the state of things and people).

Specific use cases | Uber

Uber is a company that provides a service that allows you to call a taxi to your current location with your smartphone, and currently operates in 200 cities in over 80 countries around the world.

This service is

  • A taxi will come to your location based on your smartphone’s GPS (location information), so you don’t have to go to a place where taxis are parked, such as in front of the station.
  • You can pay with a credit card registered on your smartphone, so there is no need to withdraw cash.
  • You can freely choose from driver, car model, reputation, etc., so you can reduce the probability of being ripped off by a bad driver when traveling abroad.

There are various advantages such as

Agricultural case

In recent years, “smart agriculture,” which utilizes IoT to improve the efficiency of agricultural work, has been attracting attention.

In particular, since 2018, the government has set a budget and started full-scale efforts to promote smart agriculture.

For example, drones are used to collect information on soil, growth conditions, pests, etc., and the introduction of self-driving tractors and sensor-controlled vinyl greenhouses.

The third is sensor-controlled greenhouses. With this installation, the optimal timing and amount of watering and fertilizer application can be calculated and automated based on the amount of solar radiation and soil conditions detected by the sensors.

However, “smart agriculture” is not only about improving the efficiency of farm work, but also solving the shortage of successors, so there are great expectations for the use of IoT in this field.

Specific use cases|Kubota Corporation

Kubota Corporation is famous as one of Japan’s leading agricultural machinery manufacturers, but it is also focusing on promoting smart agriculture.

Specifically, in 2018, we commercialized three types of agricultural machinery equipped with GPS: a tractor, a rice transplanter, and a combine harvester.

summary

This time, I explained the differences between DX and IoT, examples, etc. in an easy-to-understand manner even for beginners.

Once you understand the basic knowledge of DX in this article, let’s first clarify what kind of issues you want to solve with DX in order to promote DX.

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